BHUTAN 'The enchanted kingdom where happiness is more than a dream' is a small Himalayan landlocked country situated in the eastern slopes of the Himalayan range with China in the north and Indian states of Bengal and Assam in the south, Sikkim in the west and Arunachal Pradesh in the east. It is the world's youngest democratic country offered to the citizens of Bhutan by 4th King with the vision "GROSS NATIONAL HAPPINESS " as the country's progress and growth is measured through happiness index rather than monetary.
The state religion of the country is Drukpa Kagyud a branch of Mahayana Buddhism. The holy monasteries located on sheer cliffs, the fluttering prayer flags lined on the high ridges, the red robed monks chant religious script throughout day and night, old people circumambulating chortens chanting "Om Mane Padme Hung" gives this kingdom an atmosphere of happiness and peace.
Bhutan is known to the world as a most rough and mountainous terrain with most diverse flora and fauna, natural landscape, architecture, wonderful biodiversity and well preserved of its unique culture. It is divided into three physical zones "greater Himalayas in the north, the inner Himalayas in the centers and the southern foothills in the south".
The greater Himalayas include Laya, Lingshi, Lunana, Gogona and Merak Sakten. Theses area is covered with snow, glaciers, glacial lakes and barren rocks. The mountains of these region rise to 7000 meters above sea level. Tall trees and sherbs cannot grow.. It is the grazing place for yaks and sheep. Short Junipers, Primulas, rodhodendrons, Himalayan Blue poppy and many more medicinal plants and flowers are grown here. The animals found are Takin, musk deer, Himalayan bear, blue sheep and snow leopard. The birds like black necked crane, ravens and magpies are found here.
The inner Himalaya lies in the south of greater Himalayan zone. It rises to a height of 3000 meters. The mountains are of steep slope on both sides. The main valley are Paro, Thimphu, Punakha, Wangduephodrang, Trongsa, Bumthang, Zhemgang, Lhuntse, Trashigang and Dagana. All the major river flow through these valley. It has fertile land for agriculture. It has temperate climate as it is warm in summer and cold in winter. The animals found in these area are monkeys, wild boars and black bears.
The southern foothill zone is in the southern border. The altitude ranges from 200 m to 2000 meters. The lower part of these foothill is rich in fertile soils for agriculture and settlements and dense forest in some part. It is hot and wet in summer and cool and dry in winter. Wild orchids, bamboos, teaks are grown here. The animals found are elephants, tigers, buffaloes, bison, rhinos, musk and barking deer, golden langur. different butterflies and birds are also found.
Therefore Bhutan is the world's top travel destinations for the fortunate travelers to explore on the countries hidden culture and unique living standard of life.